Top 5 Most Popular Best Fever Reducers
When someone in your family has a high fever, and you don’t know how to give first aid, this can endanger your loved one. Hence it’s crucial to know about the 5 best fever reducers that are popular and effective to treat febrile individuals. To help you with this emergency situation, I have listed both natural and therapeutic drugs in this post.
The 5 Best Fever Reducers
Natural Fever Reducers
#1 - Sponge Bath or Bath
If the person is burning with fever, the first thing that you should do is to give a sponge bath. Use plain, lukewarm water with a small amount of rubbing alcohol. The body heat of the patient would evaporate together with the water and alcohol. Make sure to sponge the armpits and the inguinal areas because these areas are where heat is typically concentrated.
Don’t use water with extreme temperatures. The water should be neither too cold nor too warm. Your intent is to keep the temperature down. Place a cool pack on the forehead. For children, there are available ice packs or cool packs that are sold over the counter.
Keep the extremities, such as the feet, warm. During fever, these areas are usually cold. In cases when the feet are hot too, soak a pair of socks in water and then let the patient wear it. Cover them a bigger dry sock. Change wet clothing and beddings if soaked with water.
#2 - Hydration
Water must be given orally to the patient. He will tend to sweat profusely because the body has to maintain the normal body temperature by sweating. This can dehydrate the patient. So, while you’re cooling down his temperature, you must also give him sufficient water to ensure that he’s hydrated properly.
Citrus fruits are another alternative for hydration are citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapes and similar fruits. These would provide the needed vitamin C for the body. Vitamin C can help strengthen the immune system and defense mechanism of the body.
The patient can also drink herbal teas, such as yarrow. This will help your body perspire and bring down your temperature. He can take it as often as he wants.
#3 - Acupressure
This is another natural method to cure fever without medications. This is done by applying pressure on certain focal points in the body. Acupressure is an emerging treatment not only of fever but also of other illnesses.
Ascertain though that a licensed expert is performing this delicate procedure. You can watch the video below to know more about these pressure points in acupressure.
Fever Reducer Medications
Before you administer therapeutic drugs, you have to try to reduce the fever first using the natural methods mentioned above. This is because they don’t have serious side effects like medications.
Take note: fever is a symptom, and sometimes children can have physiologic fever; fevers caused by a shocking event, or a psychological trauma. Thus, don’t resort to drugs immediately; observe the child first for a day. If he remains febrile, then you may want to use oral or rectal medications. But keep in mind that drugs always have side effects.
#4 - Acetaminophen
Acetaminophen is one of the safest medications for fever. It has fewer side effects than other drugs. It can be administered orally or rectally every 4 or 6 hours, or per doctor’s orders. For adults, the dosage must not be more than 4,000 mg (milligrams) within a 24-hour period.
You can buy acetaminophen over-the-counter (OTC). If there are no allergic reactions, it's quite safe, if taken according to the instructions. In rare cases of hypersensitivity, the following may occur:
- Skin rashes
- Allergic reactions
- Sleep disturbances
In over dosage, the functions of the liver may be impaired. Acetaminophen can also interact with alcohol. Thus, take the drug only as directed, and stop drinking alcohol while under medication.
Also, acetaminophen can interact with other drugs, such as:
Hence, ascertain that the patient is not taking in any of these drugs, before administering acetaminophen.
When hypersensitivity reactions occur, you have to take the person to the nearest hospital because allergic reactions can result to serious complications, including death.
Examples of acetaminophen are Tylenol and Nyquil.
#5 - Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are other alternatives to acetaminophen in treating fever, inflammation and pain.
Examples of these are:
- Naproxen (Aleve)
- Ibuprofen (Advil)
Observe for these side effects. They may occur together or alone.
- Gastric or stomach irritation: The common side effects of these NSAIDs are gastric irritation or stomach problems; so, you have to take the drugs with a full stomach, or during meals, with food or milk.
- Reye’s Syndrome: Administering aspirin to children can result to a serious liver condition called Reye’s Syndrome. This often happens when a child suffering from a viral condition (measles, smallpox, chickenpox, flu) has been given aspirin. Thus, for children (12 years and below), avoid giving aspirin, unless prescribed by your doctor. You can give the right dosage of ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead.
In severe instances, these may occur:
- GIT Bleeding
- Heart attack or stroke
- Hypersensitivity reactions
Contraindications of NSAIDs are:
- History of cardiac disease
- History of renal impairment
- Alcohol intake
- Peptic ulcers
- Stomach bleeding
NSAIDs can also interact with the following drugs: Hence, avoid these drugs while taking in NSAIDs.
- Blood thinners (warfarin, apixaban and heparin)
- Diuretics and high blood pressure drugs
- Taking together with other NSAIDs
When any of the side effects occur, you have to bring the person to the doctor. It’s better to be certain that there are no life-threatening situations.
These are the best fever reducers that you can apply whenever any member of your family is down with fever. Keep in mind that a fever that lasts for more than two days indicates that there’s a certain illness that’s causing the fever. Therefore, you have to consult your doctor.
If the fever goes down after two days, then the cause may probably be physiological, and there’s nothing to worry about.
On the other hand, intermittent fever that goes on and off is an alarm signal too. The patient may need further laboratory or diagnostic workup to determine the underlying cause.